Types of STDs

Chlamydia
Gonorrhea
Herpes
HPV
Syphilis
HIV/AIDS

 

 

 

 

 


Chlamydia

One of the most common STDs, Chlamydia is the cause of preventable infertility. It can also lead to pelvic inflammatory disease and carries a high risk of ectopic pregnancy in women. Spread through sexual contact, it can infect the vagina, penis, cervix, anus, urethra, eyes, and throat. 
 
Symptoms:
  • Painful urination
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Vaginal discharge in women
  • Discharge from the penis in men
  • Pain during sexual intercourse in women
  • Testicular pain in men
Treatable?  
Yes. Chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics. 
 
 
Protect Yourself:
The most effective protection is to abstain from all sexual activity or be monogamous with one long-term partner who has been tested for STDs. Using condoms and dental dams will reduce your risk of contracting or spreading the infection. 
 

Gonorrhea

aka ’The Clap’ is also a very common STD in the United States, especially amongst teens and young adults. This STD causes bacteria to grow in warm, moist areas of your body like the cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, urethra, anus, mouth, throat, and eyes. IF it goes untreated it can cause infertility in both men and women, heart problems, arthritis, and ectopic pregnancy for women. 

Symptoms:
  • Thick, cloudy or bloody discharge from the penis or vagina
  • Pain or burning sensation when urinating
  • Abnormal menstrual bleeding
  • Painful, swollen testicles
  • Painful bowel movements
  • Anal itching
Treatable?
Yes. Gonorrhea is treatable with antibiotics.
Protect Yourself: The most effective protection is to abstain from all sexual activity or be monogamous with one long-term partner who has been tested for STDs. Using condoms and dental dams will reduce your risk of contracting or spreading the infection. 
 

Herpes


One of the more common STDs, Herpes is unfortunately untreatable. Once you have it, you’re stuck with it forever. Many people have it and don’t know that they have it. There are two types of the virus: oral and genital. Herpes is very easy to spread/catch through even brief skin to skin contact, not to mention sexual activities like touching, kissing, anal sex, oral sex, or vaginal sex. Herpes is commonly thought of as being identified by clusters of warts or blisters but not everyone who is infected will break out. That’s why many people have it and don’t realize and continue to spread the virus to their unsuspecting partners. 
Symptoms:
  • Cracked, raw, or red areas around your genitals without pain, itching, or tingling
  • Itching or tingling around your vagina, penis or anal area
  • Small blisters that break open and are painful (oral or genital) 
  • Pain while urinating
  • Headaches
  • Backaches
  • Flu-like symptoms like fever, swollen glands, and fatigue
Treatable?
No. Herpes is not treatable and once you have it, you can never get rid of it. However, the symptoms are treatable. Even if you treat the symptoms you can still spread the disease.
Protect Yourself:
The most effective protection is to abstain from all sexual activity or be monogamous with one long-term partner who has been tested for STDs. Using condoms and dental dams will reduce your risk of contracting or spreading the infection. 
 

HPV

Short for Human Papillomavirus and often referred to as Genital Warts, HPV is the most common STD. In fact, 50% of all sexually active people will get HPV. The good news is, your body can usually kick HPV on it’s own but if HPV progresses too much it can lead to certain kinds of cancer. There are more than 100 strains of HPV and most of the time there are no symptoms. But several types of HPV will cause genital warts which appear in the genitals. They can be singular or in groups of many, small and flat or raised and cauliflower-like. See your doctor immediately if you notice genital warts on yourself. Warts can appear almost immediately after getting infected or not appear until months later.

Symptoms:
  • Genital warts
  • Warts in the throat
Treatable?
Yes. HPV in its virus form is treatable. Usually, your body will kick the virus without you even knowing that you were infected. If warts appear, see a doctor for antibiotics. 
Protect Yourself:
The most effective protection is to abstain from all sexual activity or be monogamous with one long-term partner who has been tested for STDs. Using condoms and dental dams will reduce your risk of contracting or spreading the infection. As a teen or young adult, girls can receive a vaccine to protect themselves against the virus and decrease their risk of cervical cancer from HPV. 
 

Syphilis

One of the more damaging STDs, Syphilis can cause brain and nervous system damage if left untreated. It is spread by contact with open sores, usually during sexual activities. This is particularly common among men who have sex with other men. 

Symptoms:
  • Firm, round, small, painless sores on the genitals, anus, and/or mouth
  • Rash anywhere on the body, commonly on hands and feet
Treatable?
If caught early, syphilis can be cured with antibiotics. If left untreated, syphilis can be permanently damaging.
Protect Yourself: The most effective protection is to abstain from all sexual activity or be monogamous with one long-term partner who has been tested for STDs. Using condoms and dental dams will reduce your risk of contracting or spreading the infection.
 

HIV/AIDS


Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the virus that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, is transmitted from one partner to another through body fluids (semen, pre-ejaculation, vaginal fluids, saliva) and blood. Being infected with other STDs can make you more susceptible to contracting HIV. HIV doesn’t always turn into AIDS, but it can be deadly if it does. Most people don’t know that they are infected with HIV until months or even years after they are infected. They are most likely to spread the disease within the first year of contracting it, generally when they don’t know that they have it. Since the signs of HIV aren’t always obvious, it’s important to regularly get tested. 
Symptoms:
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Sore throat
  • Skin rash
Treatable?
HIV/AIDS is not curable. With early detection, people who have HIV/AIDS can take medication to keep them healthy. If the virus is left untreated for too long it can have very damaging and permanent effects on the body. 
Protect Yourself: The most effective protection is to abstain from all sexual activity or be monogamous with one long-term partner who has been tested for STDs. Using condoms and dental dams will reduce your risk of contracting or spreading the infection. Whether you think you have HIV or not, you should get tested on a regular basis.
 
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